Rectal Cancer

Basil Onco care cares for rectal cancer with a specialized team approach that is personalized, yet comprehensive.

A team of top Surgical Oncologist,medical andradiation oncologists, customizes your breast cancer treatment to be sure it is the most-advanced and least-invasive possible. Our skilled surgeons offer multiple reconstruction options, using innovative procedures that focus on your quality of life.

Rectal Cancer Symptoms

Rectal cancer often does not have symptoms in the early stages. When it does have symptoms, they vary from person to person. Most rectal cancers begin as polyps, small non-cancerous growths on the rectum wall that can grow larger and become cancer.

Symptoms of rectal cancer may include:

These symptoms do not always mean you have rectal cancer. But if you notice one or more of these signs for more than two weeks, see your doctor.

Rectal Cancer Diagnosis

Finding rectal cancer early greatly increases your chance for effective treatment. If diagnosed early, many rectal cancers can be treated successfully.
At Basil, our specialists have remarkable expertise and skill in diagnosing rectal cancers. And they use the most advanced equipment and techniques to help them customize the best treatment for you. We are one of the leading centers in advanced rectal MRI evaluation and virtual colonoscopy (also called CT or computed tomography colonoscopy).

Rectal Cancer Diagnosis

If you have symptoms that may signal rectal cancer, your doctor will examine you and ask you questions about your health; your lifestyle, including smoking and drinking habits; and your family medical history.
One or more of the following tests may be used to find out if you have rectal cancer and if it has spread. These tests also may be used to find out if treatment is working.
Digital rectal exam: The doctor inserts a gloved finger into the rectum to feel for polyps or other problems.
Fecal occult blood test (FOBT): This take-home test looks for blood in stool. A stool sample is examined for traces of blood not visible to the naked eye.
Fecal immunochemical test (FIT): This take-home test detects blood proteins in stool.

Endoscopic tests, which may include:

Proctoscopy: A thin, tube-like instrument (proctoscope) is inserted into the rectum. This lets the doctor view the rectum. Suspicious tissue or polyps can be biopsied (removed) for examination.
Sigmoidoscopy: Flexible plastic tubing with a camera on the end (sigmoidoscope) is inserted into the rectum. This gives the doctor a view of the rectum and lower colon. Suspicious tissue or polyps can be biopsied (removed) for examination. The tumor can be marked to help the doctor do minimally invasive surgery. Also called flexible sigmoidoscopy or flex-sig.
Colonoscopy: A colonoscope is a longer version of a sigmoidoscope. Doctors use it to look at the entire colon.
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS): An endoscope is inserted into the body. A probe at the end of the endoscope bounces high-energy sound waves (ultrasound) off internal organs to make a picture (sonogram). Also called endosonography.

Imaging tests, which may include:

Blood test for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA):

This blood test looks for CEA, a tumor marker made by most rectal cancers. It also can be used to measure tumor growth or find out if cancer has come back after treatment

Rectal Cancer Treatment

At Basil, your care for rectal cancer is customized by a team of experts with incredible expertise and experience. We work together to provide the most advanced, least invasive therapy, while focusing on your quality of life. Your treatment team may include:
Our doctors have special expertise in treating hereditary types of rectal cancer, as well as rectal cancer that has metastasized (spread) to other parts of the body or has returned being treated. Advanced genetic testing allows us to personalize your treatment for rectal cancer and determine if you or any of your family members may be at risk for other cancers.

Our Rectal Cancer Treatments

If you are diagnosed with rectal cancer, your doctor will discuss the best options to treat it. This depends on several factors, including:
One or more of the following therapies may be recommended to treat rectal cancer or help relieve symptoms.


Surgery is the most common treatment for rectal cancer. It is the main treatment for rectal cancer that has not spread to distant sites. Surgery for rectal cancer is most successful when done by a specialist with a great deal of experience in the procedure. Basil surgeons are among the most experienced in the nation.
Rectal cancer may be treated with surgery alone or surgery combined with radiation, chemotherapy and/or other treatments. Chemotherapy or radiation may be given:
The type of surgical method used to treat rectal cancer depends on the stage and location of the tumor. Your doctor may recommend one of the following:
Polypectomy: Suspicious or cancerous polyps on the inside surface of the rectum usually can be removed during a colonoscopy. A colonoscope, which is a long tube with a camera in the end, is inserted into the rectum. The doctor guides it to the area needing treatment. A tiny, scissor-like tool or wire loop removes the polyp.
Local excision: If rectal cancer tumors are small and have not grown into the wall of the rectum, they sometimes may be removed through the anus.
Proctectomy (rectal resection): The area of the rectum where the cancer is located, along with some healthy surrounding tissue around the rectum, is removed. Nearby lymph nodes are removed (biopsied) and looked at under a microscope.
Depending on where the tumor is, the colon may be reconnected to the rectum or anus. This is called sphincter-preserving surgery. If the tumor is too low within the rectum or anus, a colostomy may be needed.
In a colostomy, a stoma (hole) is cut in the abdomen wall into the colon. Body waste goes through the stoma into colostomy, which is a plastic bag outside the body. Sometimes, a temporary ileostomy may be used to allow the reconnection of the bowel to heal after surgery.

Surgery may be done by:

Your doctor will decide which method is best for you.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams to destroy cancer cells. New radiation therapy techniques allow to target tumors more precisely, delivering the maximum amount of radiation with the least damage to healthy cells.


In Rectal cancer, chemotherapy most often is given before or after surgery. It also may be the main treatment for cancer that has spread outside the Rectal.
BASIL team offers the most up-to-date and effective chemotherapy options for Rectal cancer. Our experts helped develop many drugs now used as standard care at other centers, as well as novel approaches to administer them.