Thyroid Cancer

At Basil, you receive customized care for thyroid cancer from a team of renowned experts in the Endocrine Center. Their level of experience and expertise in treating every type of thyroid cancer is among the most impressive in the nation. This increases your chance for successful treatment of thyroid cancer.

Thyroid Cancer Symptoms

When thyroid cancer is found early, you have a higher chance for successful treatment. Unfortunately, thyroid cancer often has few or no signs. When it does have symptoms, they vary from person to person. If you do have symptoms, they may include:

These symptoms do not always mean you have thyroid cancer. However, it is important to discuss any symptoms with your doctor, since they may signal other health problems.

Research shows that many cancers can be prevented if people applied everything known about cancer prevention to their lives.

Thyroid Cancer Diagnosis

Accurate diagnosis can be very important to your treatment. At Basil Onco care, our experts are among the most experienced and skilled in recognizing and staging thyroid disease.
If you have symptoms that may signal thyroid cancer, your doctor will examine your neck and throat, feeling for lumps or swelling. Your doctor will also complete a medical history. This involves asking questions about your symptoms, other health problems and health problems in other members of your family. If anyone in your family has had thyroid cancer or parathyroid or adrenal tumors, be sure to tell your doctor.
One or more of the following tests may be used to find out if you have cancer and if it has spread. These tests also may be used to find out if treatment is working.

Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNA):

Biopsy (removal of a small number of cells and looking at them under a microscope) is the only way to tell for sure if you have thyroid cancer. In FNA, a thin needle is inserted into the nodule, and cells are taken out to biopsy. Most thyroid nodules are proved by FNA to be benign (not cancer). If the FNA is inconclusive (not showing clearly if the nodule is cancerous), more testing may be needed.
Imaging tests, which may include:

Radioactive thyroid scan:

If a nodule is papillary or follicular cancer, a radioactive thyroid scan may be used after thyroid surgery to determine if cancer remains or has spread to other parts of the body. Medullary thyroid cancer cells don't absorb iodine, so this test is not useful in this type of thyroid cancer.

Blood tests:

Genetic testing: If you have medullary thyroid cancer, you will be given a blood test to determine if you carry a gene that sometimes causes this cancer. If the test is positive, your children and parents should be tested to see if they have the gene or thyroid cancer. More than 90% of people who have the gene will eventually develop thyroid cancer.
If your child has the gene, the doctor probably will suggest removal of the thyroid. Although children rarely develop cancer before 5 years old, one type of MTC known as MEN-2B can develop in the early months of life. If the thyroid is removed, then that person will take daily thyroid medication for the rest of his or her life.

Thyroid Cancer Treatment

Our Treatment Approach

When you have thyroid cancer, it is important to be treated by experts with a high level of expertise. Our program is one of the most active, which means Basil oncologist are some of the most skilled and experienced in the nation.
Surgery is often part of the treatment for thyroid cancer. Like all surgeries, thyroid cancer surgery is most successful when performed by a specialist with a great deal of experience in the particular procedure.
If you are diagnosed with thyroid cancer, your doctor will discuss the best options to treat it. This depends on several factors, including:
Your treatment for thyroid cancer will be customized to your particular needs. In most cases of differentiated (papillary and follicular) thyroid cancer, two or more of the following methods may be used. Most patients with medullary thyroid cancer are treated with surgery only. Patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer may be treated with chemotherapy and radiation therapy, or they may be candidates for a clinical trial.


Most people with thyroid cancer are treated with surgery. Many also are treated with additional methods. The surgery most likely will be one of the following:
If your entire thyroid gland is removed, you will take thyroid hormone replacement pills daily for the rest of your life. Surgical teams at Basil offer a variety of minimally invasive techniques for thyroid surgery, including minimally invasive video-assisted thyroid (MIVAT) surgery and robotic thyroid surgery through transaxillary and facelift incisions.